1. Raft the Grand Canyon Arizona, USA
Of course, it’s had about two billion years to do so, slowly slicing through the black-red-orange-purple strata to create one of the natural wonders of the world. And this is why seeing the canyon from water level is the best way to appreciate it – the experience offers a far more intimate encounter than peering in from the top, as well as a close up of all that glorious geology.
The official launch point for a full run is Lees Ferry, at the north-east of Grand Canyon National Park; the end is at Lake Mead, 443km further on. En route are side canyons, Puebloan sites, swimming holes and sandy beaches, not to mention plenty of wild water.
So, all good – it’s just getting authorisation to enter that’s the problem. There’s a ‘weighted lotteryʼ system, with a waiting list of several years, to secure a private rafting permit. Fortunately, commercial tour-op trips – which range from one-day to three-week floats – are available, but even these need booking in advance if you want to guarantee your rendezvous with all this ancient rock.
Need to know: The best time to raft the Colorado is May-October. Overall, the river is graded a IV (intermediate), with many I-III rapids, plus some Vs. More information
Like that, try this: Tackle the Rio Futaleufu, an absolute classic that cuts through the canyons and wilderness of Patagonia.
2. See the Sistine Chapel in Vatican City, Italy
Yes, the iconic ceiling, and particularly the altar wall’s Last Judgement, are probably the most impressive paintings you’ll ever see – but that’s only if you can see them, over the heads of the rest of humanity.
Fortunately, there is another way. It’s possible to book private tours of the site, which take small groups into Vatican rooms usually off limits, and finish in the Sistine Chapel for an after-hours viewing of Michelangelo’s masterpieces, without all the other people.
Need to know: Advance booking essential for a private after-hours tour
Like that, try this: When in Rome… join a nighttime, crowd-free tour of the Colosseum too.
3. Sleep at Everest Base Camp, Nepal
But while the teahouse hospitality and Himalaya views en route are magnificent, most treks are not actually allowed to stay at Everest Base Camp – it requires specific permission. Most hikers visit their 5,340m goal for a ‘been there’ photo op, then descend to nearby Gorak Shep to sleep.
However, a few special departures do offer the chance to overnight at the iconic camp. Also, these trips may be timed to coincide with peak summit-attempt season, when groups of climbers are also in residence.
It’s a unique opportunity, to both sleep in the shadow of the mighty mountain and to speak to the brave/mad souls making their final preparations; you might even see teams setting off up the notorious Khumbu Ice Fall, the start of their push for the top.
Need to know: Summiteers usually arrive at Base Camp April/May. Trekkers with illnesses will not be allowed to stay at Base Camp to avoid potentially infecting the climbers.
Like that, try this: Hike up to Camping Arolla (1,950m), in Petit Praz, Switzerland – Europe’s highest campsite.
4. Trek to Machu Picchu, Peru
The trouble is, when you’ve seen so many, many photos of the Inca citadel, there’s a danger it’ll be a bit of a let-down. And that’s one reason why, if you can, you should go on foot. The city deserves the slow build, the accumulated excitement, that trekking there provides.
Also, deciding to lace up doesn’t mean you have to hit the Inca Trail. There are plenty of alternatives to the classic: you can hike via the much less-visited ruins of Choquequirao; head along the dramatic and diverse Salkantay Trail (with posh lodges en route); or tackle the tough Vilcabamba Traverse.
Need to know: Hikes vary in length, altitude and difficulty; acclimatise before setting off. Dry season is April-October. You must have a permit for the Inca Trail. Only a limited number are released each year and they sell out quick.
Like that, try this: Make a grand entrance at Jordan’s once-lost Nabatean city via the multi-day Dana-Petra trek – the Inca Trail of the Middle East.
5. Hike the Milford Track, New Zealand
This four-day, 53.5km hike from Lake Te Anau to Milford Sound slices through the splendour of Fiordland National Park, taking in lakes, waterfalls, ice fields, forest and plenty of pioneer history, and tops out at the panoramic Mackinnon Pass (1,154m).
In the peak summer trekking months (November-April), it’s always oversubscribed; camping is not permitted and numbers are limited by the bunk-space available in the three DOC lodges en route. That is, unless you opt for an upgrade. Ultimate Hikes operates a series of private lodges (with both dorms and doubles) that enable hikers to tramp the track, with a guide, in a little more comfort.
You still have to carry your own bag, but – unlike those in the DOC huts – you get hot showers, duvets, drying rooms and hairdryers; breakfasts, lunches and three-course dinners are cooked up for you; each lodge even has a well-stocked bar. Cheers to that: a Great Hike indeed.
Need to know: Before embarking on Ultimate Hikes’ five-day/four-night Guided Walk you need to be prepared for all weather.
Like that, try this: Hike Tasmania’s Overland Track in style with Cradle Mountain Huts.
6. Sleep under the stars in NamibRand, Namibia
Namibia’s vast NamibRand Nature Reserve is one of only a few gold-certified Dark Sky Reserves. Simply, it has some of the world’s best dark skies. There are no towns or settlements inside it, or even nearby – Namibia is one of the planet’s most sparsely populated countries. And the dry climate means cloudless skies are the norm.
By day, explore NamibRand’s ochre-hued wilderness of dunes, mountains and plains, looking for oryx and Hartmann’s zebra. Then, after a blazing sunset, it’s time to turn your eyes skyward.
Splurge on a stay at Sossusvlei Desert Lodge, which has its own observatory and ten luxurious chalets, each with a terrace, telescope and skylight over the bed. Or join the Tok Tokkie Trails three-day desert walk, on which nights are spent sleeping on a canvas stretcher under the stars.
Need to know: The reserve is around 375km from Windhoek. More information.
Like that, try this: Unroll a swag in Australia’s Red Centre for a snooze with uninterrupted night-sky views.
7. Swim with turtles in Ningaloo, Western Australia
Three of the world’s seven species of marine turtles nest on beaches and islands near Ningaloo between November and April: green (listed as endangered), hawksbill (critically endangered) and loggerhead (vulnerable).
However, turtles swim offshore year-round, their lumpen on-land movements transformed into a graceful ballet once they’re in the water. Good spots include Shark Bay, the Muiron Islands and Turtle Bay on Dirk Hartog Island.
Need to know: Main hub Exmouth is 1,200km north of Perth. More information
Like that, try this: Snorkel with endangered leatherback and hawksbill turtles in Barbados.
8. Visit an endangered tribe in the Amazon, Ecuador
But for some such groups, tourism is providing a cultural lifeline, and travellers staying at lodges or booking tours owned and run by the tribes themselves are helping to keep endangered traditions alive (and protect their much-threatened environment from developers), while also giving visitors an authentic insight into how the peoples have existed for centuries: everybody wins.
The indigenous peoples of Ecuador’s Oriente seem to have mastered this kind of community eco-tourism; there are several well-regarded options. For example, the Cofán – one of the oldest Amazonian tribes have been running community-based ecotourism in northern Ecuador since 1978.
Trips here include canoeing and piranha fishing, sleeping in traditional thatched huts and trekking into the wildlife-dense rainforest with Cofán guides – with optional overnight camping trip for the adventurous minded.
Need to know: Trips to the Cofán community at Zabalo depart from Lago Agrio (7-8hrs from Quito by bus). More information
Like that, try this: Visit the El Molo of Lake Turkana, Kenya, for whom tourism is helping their economy.
9. Spot a snow leopard in Ladakh, India
This makes a sighting very special, and most trips that venture into their domain – largely Tibet, the Himalaya and the ’Stans – make it clear that you’d be fortunate to see even a paw-print. However, in recent years Ladakh’s Hemis National Park has gained a reputation as the world’s snow leopard capital, with hundreds of leopards, and as time passes, local guides gain an ever better understanding of their habits.
There are still no guarantees, but in Hemis’s Husing, Tarbuns and Rumbak Valleys, sightings are relatively common; Husing is on a well-known snow leopard corridor. Visit in winter, when the snow brings the cats to lower ground and, with the help of local knowledge, trained trackers and spotting scopes, you might be in luck.
Need to know: Flights connect Delhi to regional hub Leh (1.5hrs), which is 40km from Hemis NP. There are six villages in the park; accommodation is in homestays or camping.
Like that, try this: Track giant pandas in China’s Foping Nature Reserve, for the frisson of seeing the posterchild of conservation in the wild.
10. Descend into a volcano, Iceland
This makes delving beneath the surface quite exciting indeed, though something that’s been easy to achieve since 2012, when commercial tours began plunging into Thrihnukagigur volcano.
Clipped on to what’s essentially a window-cleaner’s lift, you’re slowly lowered 120m into another world – a magma chamber uniquely drained of its magma. Lights reveal a cavern of many colours – bruise purples, sulphur yellows, blood reds.
Water drip-drips from above, while breaking into song demonstrates the excellent acoustics. It is wonderful, and very weird. Thrihnukagigur is dormant, last erupting over 4,000 years ago. There’s no sign that it’s about to spring into life, but tours are only announced on a year-by-year basis because, well, you never know…
Need to know: Tours run 10 May-31 Oct. More information
Like that, try this: Hike up Mount Etna, to stand on one of the most active volcanos in the world.
11. Visit St Helena, South Atlantic
The South Atlantic speck is a crumple of glorious geomorphology – small, but riven with deep gullies, gulches and volcanic after-effects, and swept with semi-tropical lushness.
The waters are brim-full of dolphins; the skies wheel with myriad birds. Make the most of the large congregation of whale sharks by snorkelling alongside these gentle giants from January to March.
But it’s the human story that is most fascinating – less than 5,000 people live on this lonely isle, in settlements little changed since Georgian times. Explore it all by foot by walking some of the Post Box walks, which vary in difficulty but all offer views of the most scenic and untouched parts of the island. You will get a log book and a stamp at the end to prove you’ve completed them. Or go on a historic ramble to get to know Napoleon’s influence on the isle.
Need to know: The Post Box walks vary in difficulty, and even the easier ones can be tricky. Be sure to research which ones are best for you. More information
Like that, try this: Sail to Russia’s Wrangel Island (polar bear heaven), only accessible July-Aug by very few specialist cruise ships.
12. Sleep on a private isle in Scotland
Thanks to the fact that Scotland has almost 800 islands, as well as a favourable attitude to wild camping, it’s possible to tick this must-do off the list without spending a penny. Tiny Tanera Beag, the second-largest of the 20-odd north-western Summer Isles, has never been inhabited – though you might be joined by a few sheep, occasionally brought here to graze.
You can sea kayak from the mainland, over Badentarbet Bay and around larger (inhabited) Tanera Mor to reach Tanera Beag. Once you’ve hauled ashore, look out for seals in the lagoon by Eilean Flada Mor, climb to the island’s 83m high-point for views over the nearby rock stacks and skerries, and pitch your tent amid the heather to feel like a laird for the night.
Need to know: Achiltibuie, on the coast of Wester Ross & Sutherland, is the best access point. Tanera Mor is 3km offshore; Tanera Beag is just beyond. More information
Like that, try this: Canoe to little Algonquin Island, on Ontario’s Kawawaymog Lake, to stay in a Canadian log cabin, away from the world.
13. Visit Antarctica
To visit a place even less well known to travellers, embark on a cruise into the Weddell Sea to the east. The crashing icebergs, vast ice floes and often unpredictable and treacherous conditions will show you what real adventure looks and feels like.
Spot a variety of wildlife including impressive baleen whales just under the surface and colonies of penguins and seals clustered on the thick ice on top.
Need to know: Weddell Sea voyages are limited to just a few a year. If you want to go, you need to be organised and plan well in advance.
Like that, try this: Head north to the Arctic for a cruise down the little-seen seas of the North-East Passage. Expect walruses and polar bears.
14. Climb Kilimanjaro, Tanzania
No other mountain manages to combine such a wealth of wow-factors to tick all those boxes: it’s an aesthetically awesome monolith poking out of the African plains; it’s a tough but achievable challenge; at 5,895m, it’s the roof of a continent; it’s a climatological oddity, proving snow can sit virtually on the equator. Tick, tick, tick, tick.
But just to add an extra bit of tock to all those ticks, doom-sayers predict that those snows might be gone in just a few decades – all the more reason to tackle Kili quick.
Need to know: Kilimanjaro cannot be climbed independently. Choose a longer trip to allow more time for acclimatisation and increase your chances of success.
Like that, try this: For extra kudos, try climbing Argentina’s Aconcagua, a tougher, higher, non-technical challenge.
15. Tour Havana in a classic car, Cuba
For now, Cuba remains quite unique, with an intoxicating je ne sais quoi that’s strong of culture and loose of hips. Perhaps the most iconic Cuba image, though, is of a classic 1950s car bumping down a Havana backstreet.
While you can, take a tour in vintage motor, listening to its retro roar as you glide by the capital’s crumbly grandeur.
Need to know: You can’t self-drive a classic car, but several companies offer tours with driver/ guides.
Like that, try this: Up the ante: join a Rickshaw Rally, to negotiate India at the wheel of a tuk-tuk.
16. Cuddle a whale in Baja California, Mexico
Despite having been hunted to near extinction, these greys bear no grudge; indeed, they bump into boats and surface within touching distance, inviting pats and strokes. However, there’s only a short window of opportunity to see the greys here each year, with February, March and April the best months, and good trips sell out far – often years – in advance.
Need to know: Activity varies by month. In February you see more breaching adults; calves grow more confident in March-April, approaching boats more frequently.
Like that, try this: From Jan-April you can swim with humpbacks in the Dominican Republic.
17. Capture the Northern Lights on camera
One way to increase your chances of filling that memory card is to join an aurora photography tour. You’ll not only get tips from pros on how to snap the show – sharpening up those DSLR skills for those future travels – but they’ll also be attuned to where those spectral waves are most likely to start pulsing through the night.
Your daylight hours will then be spent exploring the wild Arctic terrains that best yield luminous results – Finland, Norway, Sweden or Canada.
Need to know: October-November and February-March are the best times to see the northern lights. Dark skies yield better displays – avoid full moon.
Like that, try this: Look for the southern lights (aurora australis) on New Zealand’s Stewart Island.
18. See an eclipse in Indonesia & USA
Sometimes being in the path of an eclipse is simple. On 21 August 2017 the total eclipse swung right across the middle of the USA, visible in states such as Wyoming, Nebraska and South Carolina; its point of greatest eclipse just north-west of Hopkinsville, Kentucky, where totality lasted for over two minutes.
Sometimes, though, it’s a bit trickier – the eclipse in March 2015 was best viewed in the snowy wilderness of Svalbard. Part of the battle is securing a place on a good, expert-led eclipse-watching trip: these specialist departures can fill up well in advance.
Need to know: Cloud cover will affect the quality of eclipse-viewing; if possible, check forecasts and head for clearer skies. The NASA Eclipse site is a mine of information.
Like that, try this: Look out for the Perseid Meteor Shower, 17 – 24 August 2019.
19. Leaf-peep on the Appalachian Trail, USA
Arguably the best way to appreciate the glorious death of New England’s trees is to stride among it, camping out each night. So, why not combine a smidgen of the Appalachian Trail – the East Coast’s seriously long long-distance hike, bucket list-worthy in itself – to see the leaves without the crowds.
The 70km stretch between New Hampshire’s White Mountains and the Vermont border is particularly renowned for its fabulous fall foliage – think maples smouldering crimson, dogwoods turning purple and birch trees burning gold.
Need to know: Fall colours usually start to appear in New England from mid-September. Shelters and campsites along the trail are basic.
Like that, try this: Make for Québec’s Laurentian Mountains, where the sugar maples turn magnificent late-Sept to mid-Oct.
20. Drive through Glacier National Park, USA
Then, by late September, parts are off-limits all over again, leaving a brief window for a traverse. It’s worth trying though: the road slices through the parks most dramatic sections, with hair-raising hairpins and a haul over 2,026m Logan Pass.
You can also see the park’s rapidly retreating Jackson Glacier from the tarmac, which you should certainly pull over for – it’s estimated that Glacier NP may be entirely glacier-free by 2030.
Need to know: Driving the road without stopping takes around two hours. Check for road accessibility updates.
Like that, try this: Norway’s switchbacking Trollstigen is closed in late autumn and winter.
21. See a spirit bear in British Columbia, Canada
These unusual ursines are black bears with a recessive gene, which renders about 10% of them creamy-pale. Like spirits, though, they’re tricky to spot – fewer than 400 are thought to exist.
But if you head to the right part of this roadless, fjord-cut, river-riven rainforest, you might be in luck. The area around Klemtu is a known Kermode hang-out, and lodges accessible only by floatplane have guides expert in tracking them down.
Need to know: The best time to visit is late August to mid-October, when returning salmon tempt bears to the rivers.
Like that, try this: Visit Timbavati’s white lions, on Kruger NP’s western edge, South Africa.
22. Ride the Trans-Siberian, Russia-China
If you were that desperate to get between Moscow and Beijing (the route of the network’s Trans-Mongolian branch, arguably the most interesting), you could fly it in under eight hours. But no, it’s this six-night, 7,621km train that is slow travel at its most atmospheric, an unhurried spooling of endless birch trees, Lake Baikal shimmer, grassy steppe, Gobi Desert, yurt camps, camel herds and station-traders selling sweets and sausages.
The train provides a cosy confinement within that vastness, where your cabin-mates could be Buddhist monks or Russian businessmen, where vodka flows freely and the hot-water samovar is always steaming, ready to make a brew.
Need to know: There is no hop-on hop-off option; to make stopovers, you must buy separate tickets for each leg. More information.
Like that, try this: Ride The Canadian, from Toronto to Vancouver, another vast, cross-country, multi-day epic.
23. Raft the Zambezi River, Zambia
Rafting it – whether you choose a short trip from Livingstone or a multi-day, beach-camping expedition – is up there with the world’s greatest river journeys. You’ll tackle hair-raising rapids called things like Oblivion and The Devil’s Toilet Bowl. You’ll might spot hippos lazing in the channels and even crocs on the banks.
Need to know: Low-water season – the best time for rafting – is August to December. More information
Like that, try this: Raft Tasmania’s Franklin River, the wild waterway that conservationists saved from dam-nation.