Diabetes is a lifelong disease in which the body isn’t able to produce enough insulin. It affects the way your body handles glucose. Glucose is a type of sugar that comes from the foods we eat, and it’s also formed and stored inside the body. It is carried to each cell through the bloodstream and it’s the main source of energy. The number of people suffering from diabetes is constantly increasing, while type 2 diabetes is more common.
Hyperglycemia is the technical term for high blood glucose (blood sugar). Hyperglycemia appears when the body has too little insulin (type 1 diabetes) or when the body can’t use insulin properly (type 2 diabetes).
If the condition lasts for a long time period, permanent damage to some parts of the body such as: the eyes, nerves, kidneys and blood vessels can occur.
High Blood Sugar Causes
Many factors can trigger the increase in blood sugar level, such as:
an illness, such as a cold
eating too much, such as snacking between meals
a lack of exercise
missing a dose of your diabetes medication, or taking an incorrect dose
over-treating an episode of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
taking certain medicines, such as steroid medication
High Blood Sugar Symptoms
High blood sugar does not automatically indicate diabetes. High blood sugar is only one symptom of diabetes. Some of the most common symptoms of hyperglycemia are:
Always being hungry
Dry and itchy skin
Daily fatigue or extreme tiredness
Excess abdominal fat/weight gain
Slow healing of cuts and wounds
The glycemic index (GI) is a value assigned to foods based on how slowly or how quickly those foods cause increases in blood glucose levels. It starts from 0 and goes up to 100. This index can show us the amount of carbs in different foods which increase blood sugar. Foods low on the glycemic index (GI) scale tend to release glucose slowly and steadily. Foods high on the glycemic index release glucose rapidly.
In case you are looking for a way to eliminate blood sugar symptoms, you will need to take lower GI foods because they have the ability to reduce insulin levels. These foods are also great for weight management.
Here’s one part of the GI Food List:
One cup of hummus equals – 6
One egg – 0
One mid-sized yellow onion – 10
One cup of broccoli – 10
One cup of cashew nuts – 22
One cup of walnuts – 15
One large grapefruit – 50
One cup of cherries – 22
One cup of yogurt – 23
One cup of butter beans – 34
One Turkey sausage – 28
One mid-sized apple – 38
One cup of kidney beans – 31
One cup of spaghetti – 42
Eight ounces of tomato juice – 38
Eight ounces of pineapple juice – 46
One cup of green grapes – 46
One medium orange – 48
One large carrot – 47
One cup of peas – 54
One large banana – 52
Here you can see a listing of the glycemic index and glycemic load, per serving, for more than 100 common foods.
This low GI foods should be consumed on a daily basis. The moderate GI foods should be taken moderately, while the high GI foods should be avoided because they can lead to many serious health problems.
Low GI Foods (55 or less)
100% stone-ground whole wheat or pumpernickel bread
Oatmeal, oat bran, muesli
Pasta, converted rice, barley, bulgar
Sweet potato, corn, yam, lima/butter beans, peas, legumes and lentils